Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management in
Bonita

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Get Help Preserving Your Vision

Eye diseases are more common than you may think, and they can damage your vision when you least expect it. However, our team can detect many eye issues using advanced technology courtesy of our unique partnership with Total Vision.

We look for eye disease during every eye exam so we can recommend various treatment or management options to preserve your vision. Protect your eyes today, and book an eye exam at Bonita Point Family Optometry.

What Are Eye Health Screenings?

We perform comprehensive eye health testing during every eye exam. We use advanced technology to observe different aspects of your eyes, including your retinal health, intraocular pressure, visual field, and more.

Our comprehensive, medically-focused process allows us to spot some of the earliest signs of eye conditions. The technology we use is also relatively comfortable for all ages, from the youngest of toddlers to the greatest of grandparents.

Many eye diseases have no cure, but we can provide you with ways to manage your eye health and preserve your vision.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide, and it currently affects nearly 3 million Americans. Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases characterized by damage to the optic nerve.

The 3 most common types of glaucoma are:

Open-Angle Glaucoma

Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of the disease. It occurs when blockages form in your eye’s drainage canal while the drainage angle between the iris and cornea remains open, preventing intraocular fluid from draining from the eye. This increases your intraocular pressure, which in turn damages your optic nerve and causes vision loss.

You may be unaware you have open-angle glaucoma until you have an eye exam. By the time you notice vision loss, the disease is already in its advanced stages.

Closed-angle glaucoma is less common than open-angle but can lead to more severe symptoms. This disease occurs when the drainage angle between your iris and cornea suddenly closes, causing a rapid rise in intraocular pressure.

When your intraocular pressure rises at this rate, it can cause sudden vision loss, eye pain, and even nausea. We consider closed-angle glaucoma a medical emergency that requires immediate attention.

Normal-tension glaucoma is a unique form of glaucoma that occurs even when your intraocular levels are within a normal range. Doctors aren’t sure how it develops, but we can detect this disease by observing the damage to the optic nerve during a comprehensive eye exam.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a group of diseases that damage your macula as you age, generally affecting adults over 50. Your macula provides your central vision, the vision you use to read, write, recognize faces, and see fine details. 

There are 2 common types of AMD:

Dry AMD

Dry AMD occurs as your macula thins as you age.

Doctors aren’t sure how dry AMD develops, but some believe it’s linked to the development of drusen underneath the macula. While age plays a factor in AMD development, your risk could increase if you smoke, maintain a poor diet, or have a family history of the disease.

Wet AMD is much less common than dry AMD, but it’s responsible for 90% of AMD-related blindness. Doctors believe abnormal blood vessels growing under the macula are among the causes of this disease, as blood vessels can break and leak fluid into the retina and under the macula, causing vision loss.

Cataracts

Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness worldwide. While not an eye disease, a cataract is an eye condition that causes your eye’s natural lens to become milky or foggy.

Cataracts develop as proteins in your natural lens clump together, causing the lens to become less flexible and less transparent. Early vision problems can be corrected using glasses or contact lenses. But the only way to remove the cataract is through surgery.

Cataract surgery replaces your cataract lens with an artificial intraocular lens.

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetes is a systemic disease that can lead to several health issues that affect your heart, teeth, and eyes.

Diabetic retinopathy is a common eye disease linked to diabetes. It occurs when high blood sugar damages the blood vessels inside your retina, causing them to leak fluid. Leaking fluid can lead to permanent vision loss.

Learn more about diabetic eye disease on our Diabetic Eye Exams page.

Keep Eye Disease at Bay

Your eyes deserve to be as happy and healthy as you are. Get help managing the effects of eye disease today, and book your appointment!

Our Location

Visit Us

We are half a block south from the Corner of Otay Lakes Road and Bonita Road.

You can find us in the Bonita Professional Plaza just south of Bonita Road.

  • Suite 201
    180 Otay Lakes Road
  • Bonita, CA 91902

Hours of Operation

  • Monday: 8:00 AM 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday: 8:00 AM 5:00 PM
  • Wednesday: 8:00 AM 5:00 PM
  • Thursday: 8:00 AM 5:00 PM
  • Friday: 8:00 AM 4:00 PM
  • Saturday: 8:00 AM – 12:30 PM
  • Sunday: Closed

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